Achieving a New Smile with Braces

Braces treatment is the arrangement of teeth, via the process of moving (straightening or shifting) the teeth, to improve the appearance of the teeth and how they would function.

While often considered an elective treatment, orthodontics goes beyond improving one's physical appearance and self-confidence.  Frequently, if untreated, orthodontic problems can result in tooth decay, gum disease, headaches and earaches, as well as speaking, biting or chewing problems.

Braces treatment starts with the initial orthodontic consultation, where our specialist will assess the overall state of your teeth, gums, and jaws.   We will then advise the patient if there is a need for treatment and what your options are. We will also share important information such as the estimated treatment duration, costs, and whether any pre-treatment (such as extractions and/or cleaning) is needed.

Treatment types


Bracket Braces

Bracket Braces are the traditional and most common type of braces. They are typically metallic, ceramic or plastic brackets bonded to the teeth. Ceramic brackets are clear or tooth-coloured and far less noticeable than metal brackets. Bracket braces use wires to move the teeth of the desired position.

Invisalign (Clear Aligners)

Clear Aligners have been gaining popularity due to its "invisible" nature. Unlike brackets, you can remove aligners during brushing, flossing or mealtimes. Aligners are changed every two weeks to adjust the teeth positioning, and is more suitable for adults with minor spacing problems.

Initial consultation

During your first visit, the orthodontist will examine your overall dental condition. If you are suitable for braces, the orthodontist will take X-rays of your dental profile, photographs of your teeth & facial profile, and your dental impressions. All this information will be used to build your own, customised treatment plan.

Treatment with braces

With each monthly review, our orthodontics will adjust your braces and check your alignment of teeth. Orthodontic treatment on average takes 1.5 to 2 years, and it differs from individual to individual.

Final stage: Removal of braces

Upon completion of active treatment, you will be issued retainers to hold your teeth in their new positions. Do not worry, we will guide you on how to wear and maintain your retainers.

The risk of relapse is extremely high within the first month after the braces are removed, and you will need to wear retainers until the position of your teeth stabilises. We recommend retainers to be worn as long as the active treatment time. If relapse occurs, you may need treatment again to correct. 

Frequently Asked Questions

When do I use the wax?

You can use the wax when you feel the wire is poking against your mouth. Simply cut a small piece of wax, and paste it on the relevant bracket.

When can I start eating normally again?

You can eat normally as long as you feel up to it. In general, there might be some discomfort in the first week or so, but you'll get accustomed to it soon enough!

Why does the elastic ligature change colour?

Light colours tend to stain more easily due to intake of food/drinks. Not to worry, it won't affect treatment.

Must I change the rubber band after each meal, or can I reuse the rubber band as long as it is in good condition?

You can certainly reuse your rubber bands so long as they are still in good condition.

Do I have to wear retainers after braces treatment?

Yes, you need to keep your retainers to help retain the shape of your teeth for the rest of your life. For the first 6 months at least, it is best to wear your retainers full-time (except eating and brushing). Afterwards, your teeth would settle into their new positions and you may be able to reduce your time of wear to only night-time.

This is only a rough guide so do check in with your orthodontist on your retainer wear.

Removable Appliances

How are removable appliances worn?

Your orthodontist will teach you how to insert the appliance and remove it. For the treatment to be effective, you will need to wear the appliance all the time (including sleep and eating). However, you have to remove them during toothbrushing and contact sports.

Because they are mostly removable, patient compliance in wearing and caring for them is essential to ensure treatment progress and success.

How long do I need to wear it?

Treatment duration usually varies between 3 to 6 months depending on the severity of the bite discrepancy and patient compliance.


There will be some discomfort initially. This varies between individuals.
Most patients experience more saliva temporarily, usually for a few days.

Speech is commonly affected but this is also temporary and your speech will return to normal after a few days of continuous wear.

You may get oral ulcers on the insides of your lips, cheeks and tongue that are rubbing against parts of the appliance. These ulcers take about a week to heal. Please let your orthodontist know if there are any problems with the appliance. Adjustments can be made to the appliance.

You can buy over-the-counter ulcer medication and gels to apply on the ulcer to speed up the healing and for pain relief.


You will have some difficulties chewing with the removable appliance, particularly if the purpose of the appliance is to ‘disclude’ (open up) your bite, or prevent you from chewing of your lower braces in some instances (if you have lower braces), or prevent trauma to your lower teeth.

It is difficult to chew as well as you did previously because you are now biting on the smooth plastic of the appliance instead, or only on some teeth. It will take a while for you to adapt to the new chewing pattern.

In the meantime, start on a softer diet and chew slowly. You may want to cut up your foods into smaller pieces. Give yourself more time for your meals.
As your treatment progresses, your orthodontist will let you know when you need not wear it anymore.

Book your consult today!

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